The world is not such a lonely planet anymore but the very resources we promote through tourism are in danger of degradation.
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Case Studies and
As more regions and countries develop their tourism industry, it
produces significant impacts on natural resources, consumption patterns,
pollution and social systems. The need for sustainable/responsible planning
and management is imperative for the industry to survive as a whole.
- 980 million people travelled internationally in 2011 ( a 4% increase over 2010) and this is
expected to reach 1.5 billion by 2020
- The average international tourist receipt is over US$700 per person
- Travel and tourism represents approximately 10% of total global Gross
Domestic Product (GDP) (if it include tourism related
business (eg catering, cleaning)
- The global travel and tourism industry creates approximately 10% of the world's employment
(direct & indirect)
- At least 25 million people spread over 52 countries are displaced
by violence, persecution and/or disasters - tourism receipts in every
country are affected by this.
- Buying local could achieve a 4-5% reduction in GHG emissions due to large sources of C02 and non C02 emissions during the production of food
- The average Canadian household used 326 liters of water per day....a village of 700 in a developing country uses an average of 500 litres of water per month AND a luxury hotel room guest uses 1800 litres of water per person per night...
- The average person in the UK uses approximately 150 litres of water
per day - 3 times that of a local village in Asia
- A species of animal or plant life disappears at a rate of one every
- 70% of marine mammals are threatened
- The Western world (with 17% of the worlds' population) currently consumes
52% of total global energy.
- 1 acre of trees absorbes 2. 6tonnes of CO2 per year
- 58% of the worlds coral reefs are at risk. 2010 was the warmest year on record
- Seawater is expected to rise 70 cm in the next 10 years
- By 2050 climate change could have directly led to the extinction of
30% of species, the death of 90% of coral reefs and the loss of half
the Amazon rainforest.
- Since 1970 a third of the natural world has been destroyed by human
- Half the world's population lives in urban areas and this figure is
expected to increase. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 76% of the
population live in urban areas
- By 2036, there will be 1200 million cars on earth - double the amount
- A European uses 14x more energy than someone living in India
- For every 1 degree rise in temperature above 34 degrees Celsius, yields
of rice, maize and wheat in tropical areas could drop by 10%
- Every day we dump 90 million tons of carbon pollution into our atmosphere
- Although 70% of the earth's surface is water, only 3% is potable
Sustainable tourism is about re-focusing and adapting. A balance must
be found between limits and usage so that continuous changing, monitoring
and planning ensure that tourism can be managed. This requires thinking
long-term (10, 20+ years) and realising that change is often cumulative,
gradual and irreversible. Economic, social and environmental aspects of
sustainable development must include the interests of all stakeholders
including indigenous people, local communities, visitors, industry and
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
What can you do?
Rachel continues to publish about different elements of sustainable tourism. Look at her latest publications ..click here
New ITP's carbon management initiative…more
New Ecocomptor - helping hotels communicate sustainability initiatives...more
New Sustainable Restaurant Initiative...more
New Publication about sustainable tourism innovations....more